Value Proposition – the Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 Zoom Lens

Value Proposition – the Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 Zoom Lens

2800 1572 Josh Solomon

The subject of the third-party zoom lens isn’t a new one to us, but it deserves a little more attention. Here exists an entire subset of dirt-cheap and capable lenses that have been cast aside by both the hardcore and casual modern photographer. Their names are mostly unknown, their specs assumed to be inferior, their histories virtually untold.

One third-party zoom that has always caught my eye is the once lauded and now relatively forgotten Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5. About five or six years ago this lens was a constant sight at secondhand stores and film camera shows, often found with a compact SLR clinging for dear life at the end of its long barrel. But despite their outrageous shape and size, they never flew off the shelves. They just sat there, waiting for somebody, anybody to pay attention to them.

It wasn’t always this way. In the mid-1970s, Santa Monica based optical distributor Vivitar made a name for themselves by rebranding and marketing top tier Japanese-made lenses for the North American market. Vivitar contracted a number of Japanese lens manufacturers to do their bidding, most notably Kiron, Tokina, and Cosina (the last of these would eventually manufacture Voigtlander rangefinder lenses and cameras). The best lenses of these efforts would earn a spot in Vivitar’s Series 1 lens family, a range of lenses meant to compete with the best lenses in the world. And for the most part, these Series 1 lenses were highly regarded among photographers of the time. Prominent even among these better-than-most lenses were Vivitar’s telephoto zooms, including the 70-210mm f/3.5.

Zoom lens technology was still in its infancy at the time, but the advantages of such a lens were clear, especially to working photographers. Zoom lenses let shooters choose their focal lengths without requiring mounting of different prime lenses (lenses of a single focal length). This key feature was greatly appreciated by fast-moving, quick-thinking professional photographers. But there was a catch – the zoom lenses of the time often sacrificed lens speed and image quality for this versatility. These were compromises that most shooters simply didn’t want to make. The result was that all zoom lenses were quickly “known” to be inferior to prime lenses. The Vivitar Series 1 zooms, of which the 70-210mm f/3.5 was one, set out to change that. They were meant to combine prime-level optical performance and a quick maximum aperture with the versatility of a zoom lens.

The raw specs of the Series 1 70-210mm are encouraging; a zoom range spanning from short telephoto to medium-long telephoto, and a constant aperture of f/3.5, more than healthy for most telephoto lenses of the time. The constant aperture stat is significant; most zoom lenses are quick at the short end of the range and lose significant speed at the long end (e.g. f/2.8-5.6). This Vivitar stays quick from start to finish, which is a great feature for shooters, and impressive considering this lens was manufactured in 1975.

Dig a little deeper into the specs and we find some really impressive stuff. The lens sports a whopping 15 elements in 10 groups, which makes the constant maximum aperture of f/3.5 an even more remarkable achievement. The lens also sports the surprisingly stellar Vivitar multicoating meant to mitigate flare, increase contrast, and provide a more even, realistic rendering of color. And to top it all off, the lens features a dedicated, easily accessible 1:2.2 macro mode, making it uncommonly versatile.

It was a winning formula, and the Vivitar 70-210mm f/3.5 became one of Vivitar’s best sellers. The lens was manufactured for almost every major SLR bayonet mount of the time (Nikon F, Canon FD, Pentax K, Minolta SR, Konica AR), thus increasing its popularity. None of the major manufacturers ever quite achieved the balance of capability and ease-of-use of the Vivitar 70-210mm during its own time, and so the lens ruled the late ’70s and early ’80s.

A lens this popular and this great should have a better reputation than it does, but this isn’t the case. Outside of a few aficionados on the internet, most people just don’t care about a third party lens from forty years ago. And regardless of quality, third party lenses will nearly always come with a stigma. Like Bruce Hornsby said, that’s just the way it is.

But after using the Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm for a couple of photo walks, I can confidently say that this lens deserves the status of a classic. More than that, I happen to think that anybody who’s even halfway serious about getting into film photography should own this lens because of its versatility, image quality, and affordable price point. (And before anybody accuses me for the millionth time of trying to inflate the prices of this lens by reviewing it positively – I’m not. I’m not that smart, trust me.)

The telephoto range is one that, for most casual photographers, remains uncharted territory. Using a 105mm f/2.5 or a 200mm f/2.8 beyond the realm of portraiture is sadly uncommon, and examples of such work are few and far between. Thankfully, the Vivitar 70-210mm makes it easy to explore a very healthy range of telephoto focal lengths without compromising on image quality or lens speed.

The most immediately striking aspect of the images made by the Vivitar is its resolution and sharpness. Zoom lenses carry negative reputations in both of those metrics, but the Vivitar is stellar in both. A look at the full-resolution sample images reveals remarkable resolution (out-resolving the grain of Kodak Ultramax 400) and sharpness from corner to corner, especially closed down. Fine details and textures are rendered with surgical, accurate precision at its longest end, and full scenes at the 70mm setting are loaded with detail. But perhaps the best feature of the Vivitar is its consistency at every focal length. Usually zooms tend to falter at the most extreme ends of their range, but the Vivitar somehow avoids that pitfall and delivers fantastic images throughout its zoom range.

Images from the lens also possess a remarkable balance in the fields of contrast and color rendition. Contrast isn’t fantastically high and the color doesn’t particularly dazzle as a result, but the images avoid becoming boring and flat. Instead we get pleasantly balanced images across the range which still have a bit of character. The VMC multicoating is particularly good at rendering scenes accurately and without fuss. The Vivitar 70-210mm can rightly be considered a foreshadowing of modern zoom lenses, while thankfully lacking the sterile precision those later lenses so often exhibit.

The cherry on top of the Vivitar 70-210mm is its additional macro function. With a simple turn of a separate ring, the Vivitar 70-210mm can achieve 1:2.2 macro reproduction, which is impressive for a non-dedicated macro lens. This function is particularly useful for light macro work as well as close up portraiture, and significant considering most telephotos of the day had annoyingly long minimum focusing distances.

All this said, there are a couple of areas in which the Vivitar 70-210mm falls short. Zooms aren’t usually known for being sharp wide-open, and at its maximum aperture at f/3.5 the Vivitar softens up and exhibits some smearing, coma, and an alarming amount of chromatic aberration. There’s also some distortion at both ends, with some barrel distortion at the short end and some pincushion distortion at the long end. And perhaps the most depressing for bokeh-addicts, the Vivitar 70-210mm’s bokeh is pretty busy and smeary, and just doesn’t hold a candle to the best prime telephotos of the day.

And then there’s the size and weight. The first-gen Vivitar 70-210mm is what would be known on the internet as an Absolute Unit. At a hefty 879 grams (nearly two pounds) contained in an all-metal seven inch barrel, this lens is gargantuan compared to most every vintage lens, zoom or otherwise. Granted, the lens is incredibly well made and well designed, with a perfectly graded focusing throw, smooth and steady one-touch zoom action, and solid half stops between each f-stop on the aperture ring, but damn does it come at the cost of lightness. It’s a challenge to hold and shoot, and lacks a tripod socket for easier stationary use. Its size and weight also makes lighter, more compact SLRs tough to use since the weight easily overbalances these cameras. This lens benefits from being used on heftier, professional grade cameras like the Nikon F-series, Canon F-1, and the Minolta XK, or at the very least on a motor drive equipped compact SLR.

But for those who can handle it, the Vivitar 70-210mm f/3.5 is an overall fantastic all-purpose telephoto lens that can still do a stellar job for shooters looking to learn the tricks of the telephoto trade. Its versatility enables growth for novices and peace of mind for advanced shooters. The image quality is top notch throughout the zoom range and can stand toe-to-toe with most modern zoom lenses on offer today.

The best (and worst) part about these Vivitar Series 1 lenses is how cheap they are. A combination of a seemingly endless supply and little demand (owing to the mostly false notion that third party zooms stink) makes these lenses incredibly cheap and plentiful on the used market. Before purchasing one I’d do some research on the different versions – Vivitar outsourced the manufacturing of this lens to a variety of manufacturers over the lens’ lifetime, which resulted in slightly different configurations.

The version I tested was the first-gen Kiron (Kino Precision) version with the constant f/3.5 aperture, which are identifiable by the “22” found at the beginning of the serial number. The only other constant aperture version is the second-gen Tokina version (serial numbers beginning with 37); all other versions, including the third-gen Komine (serial number 28) and fourth-gen Cosina (serial number 9) feature an f/2.8-f/4 aperture range. There are small differences between the versions but besides the variable maximum aperture of the later versions, they all perform roughly the same. In practice, any version of this lens will give any skilled shooter great images.

Testing this lens makes me tempted to get on my soapbox and campaign to Make Third Party Zooms Great Again and bite my thumb at the snobs who say otherwise, but I think I’ll refrain from doing that. Instead, I’ll just put it out there on the internet that lenses like the Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 should be owned by anybody who wants to learn how to shoot telephoto lenses, or simply wants to experiment with the format. They’re cheap, plentiful, and stellar performers to boot. They are lenses that will reward handsomely those willing to give them a chance.

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Josh Solomon

Josh Solomon is a freelance writer and touring bassist living in Los Angeles. He has an affinity for all things analog. When not onstage, you can find him roaming around Southern California shooting film and humming a tune.

All stories by:Josh Solomon
  • You’re correct when you say these Series 1 lenses tended to be tarred with the same brush as inferior zooms of the period. The simple fact was that most third party zooms of that era were mostly of inferior optical quality and even Vivitar itself would happily sell you one of these if you opted for a non-series 1 lens.
    The other independent maker of note of the time was Tamron, and who competed with their SP range. There is no doubt that as the independent zooms go, the top of the crop were the Series 1 and SP lenses.

  • Josh, excellent write-up. I’ve managed to score a few of these for different mounts and they are stellar performers as you so rightly point out. Why shooters sleep on this lens is beyond me.

    Also worth mentioning is the amazing Series 1 28-90mm “stovepipe”.

    • Yep, or the original 28-85mm. Have one and the 70-210 reviewed above. When I bought them, they weren’t exactly cheap.

  • This is an incredibly timely article. This past holiday weekend I just happened to find a 2nd Gen (Tokina) version of this Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 lens in FD mount for my Canon A-1. I found this gem on Ebay when I wasn’t actually looking for it. This lens just happened to be among a particular seller’s “other items” being offered-up on the auction site. After a brief communication with the seller as to the lens’ condition I made an offer and was able to secure this rather highly regarded 3rd party zoom for $16.00! It should arrive by the end of the week and I can’t wait to try it out.

  • Josh,

    What a great articlel on an under rated zoom telephoto lens. I have a couple of first gen. lenses just like the one you reviewed in NIkkor Ai, Canon FD and Olympus OM (the lens is heavier than the camera). The were on the same level as OEM lenses in terms of performance. I think the Series 1 name gets trashed when Vivitar as time went on sacrificed quality to hit a price point.

    I extolled the virtues of this lens on this past May’s Classic Camera Revival zoom lens episode. Again I consider this a worthy alternative to a factory zoom if you’re on a budget.

  • Merlin Marquardt July 8, 2019 at 12:29 pm

    Wonderful article and photos.

  • These lenses were better than the run-of-the-mill zooms, and closer to the quality of the major camera brands, but I wouldn’t think such praise is justified. You need to calm down!

  • Excellent timing, I just picked one of these up today for £5! Look forward to trying it out this weekend…

  • Knut H. Skeisvoll October 19, 2019 at 9:41 am

    After reading your praise for the Vivitar series 1 i decided to look into some of my old gear dating back to mid 70s as I knew I had som visitor leses laying around quite forgotten til now.
    I found one of the Vivitar Series 1 70 -210mm f3.5 Serial 22405116 sitting on my old trusted black Nikon F serial 7289204. that is still in pristine condition. (maybe its time to get some rolls of Tri X again). I also found another Vivitar 70-150mm f3.8 serial 22004579, also Macro focus, on my old Olympus OM1 in addition to the excellent Zuiko prime 50mm f1.8. The 70-210 is really heavy and buildt like a tank compared to the 70 – 150mm, but the 70- 150is definitely handier and easier to carry around, however it still feels like quality. I also found another vintage Vivitar lens. a 20mm f3.8 serial 22007329 Wide-angle, huge and looks like a fish eye 82mm filtersize. I am going to order some adapters in order to try the all out on my Leica TL2 and are looking forward to see the results. They will probably look strange on the small APS-C but should work fine. Thanks for all your great articles.

  • I saved up and bought this lens (version 1) in 1979 (while I was still in high school) for the then princely sum of $290. It is a very well built lens, with very solid, but unspectacular image quality when mounted on a tripod. The images are generally pleasing with good bokeh, but lack any standout sharpness. While it was very good compared with other comparable zooms of its day, the contrast is somewhat low. The macro quality though is excellent. My biggest problem is handholding this lens steady with my OM cameras, even with motor drives mounted. It really isn’t the weight, because I can hold my Tamron SP 80-200 f2.8 (a heavier lens) quite steady in comparison. The Tamron SP 80-200 is considerably sharper (maybe because of its ED glass), but is heavier, more expensive and doesn’t focus nearly as close. My Tamron 70-150 f2.8 soft (with soft focus turned off) also is considerably sharper. I also have the Series 1 70-200 f2.8-4.0 zoom (Version 3), which has a much smoother zoom collar (silky smooth) that doesn’t creep, is lighter, better balanced and somewhat sharper that the Version 1 lens, but is not quite as sharp as the Tamron SP 80-200 or 70-150 Soft. I don’t have the Tamron SP 70-210 lens for comparison.

    I’ve kept my Version 1 and Version 3 of this Series 1 lens because they are still good lenses and because, given their low market value, they frankly are not worth the trouble of selling. I still use them occasionally when I am shooting my OM’s particularly in areas where I don’t want to risk a better lens, such as on long hikes, canoe excursions, fishing trips, and potentially wet days. They have survived some heavy rains, splashes (freshwater fortunately), and snowfall without ill effect after being wiped down and dried.

  • Nice idea :
    Making third party zooms great again !
    I use the Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f3.5 too, on Minolta cameras. The quality is as good as an original Minolta 70-210mm Zoom.

  • There is a whole list of “Cult Classic” lenses from the pre-AF era. I like the Viv Series 1 90-180/f4.5 Flat Field Macro Zoom, focuses to 1:2 magnification, and has a sturdy tripod collar at a nice balance point. It came with a hood. I still have a K-mount model, but sadly I sold my Nikon version – and now I have a Nikon body that it would go great with! Thee is so much fun at the 1:2 magnification range that you just cant get with modern 1:3.8 – 1:5 zooms. The K-mount version even gets an AF assist, with patience and experience, from the Pentax 1.7x AF Adapter, which gives AF performance but one has to first get the lens almost in focus then the Adapter can take over. I think Nikon has a similar AF Adapter; not sure.

  • Thank you for this – I’m amused that you’ve got pictures of Griffith Observatory with this article, since my fondest memories of my Series 1 (a second-gen Tokina) are of a summer my mother and I spent in LA with a Canon AE-1 Program, a 50mm prime, and a 70-210mm zoom. Griffith Observatory was just one of the many places I took pictures of that summer.

    I’ve been pondering trying to get an FD-to-Z adapter to try it on my new Nikon Zf, but maybe what I really need to do is just load up the AE-1 and take it out for a walk.

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Josh Solomon

Josh Solomon is a freelance writer and touring bassist living in Los Angeles. He has an affinity for all things analog. When not onstage, you can find him roaming around Southern California shooting film and humming a tune.

All stories by:Josh Solomon