Zeiss Ikon Contina II (524/24) – Camera Review

Zeiss Ikon Contina II (524/24) – Camera Review

2560 1440 James Tocchio

When shooting vintage cameras there exists something of a sweet spot- a kind of “Goldilocks zone” that only a certain number of cameras occupy. For most photo geeks, a camera needs to be old enough to have the vintage appeal we’re pining for, yet it can’t be so old as to be prohibitively slow and archaic in its operation.

We’ve seen it before. If a camera’s too ancient it becomes too alien, and would-be shooters are turned off. Because of this, many excellent cameras go unappreciated and unused. Think of the folding cameras of the 1950s or even TLR (twin lens reflex) cameras like the Minolta Autocord. The result? People may never experience the joy of ground glass viewfinders, the calm of shooting a fully manual camera, or the exceptional image quality of larger format machines. It’s a shame, really. But just because a camera’s very old, doesn’t mean it can’t be a fun, everyday shooter. These are exceptional machines capable of taking amazing pictures, and they’re pretty easy to use once you’ve done a bit of reading.

Take the Zeiss Ikon Contina II that I’ve been shooting for the past few weeks. It’s more than six decades old, smells like a dusty old goat, and looks like it belongs in a museum. But guess what? It takes great pictures! Sure, it’s not as quick or as sexy as your Sony A7R, but you still love your grandma even though she’s no Hannah Davis. So cut the Zeiss some slack.

If you’re looking for a beautiful, antique, 35mm folding camera that’s actually usable, the Contina II may be it. There are some issues, but they won’t be a deal breaker for those willing to work. If you’re ready to find out what Germany had to offer photographers of the early 1950s, read on.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 2

Prior to 1951, the 35mm folding Zeiss had been known as the Ikonta 35, and when the Ikonta eventually became known by the name Contessa, a less expensive model was developed and released alongside. This more affordable folding 35mm camera became known as the Contina, and it would see continual production in various forms for the next 15 years. And even though the various models released in this period look wildly dissimilar, the core design of the Contina remains the same throughout its run.

All Continas are small, well-built, 35mm film cameras usable by both amateurs and enthusiasts alike. They feature compact lenses in either rigid mount (later models) or in a collapsible folding apparatus (earlier cameras). They use leaf shutters capable of Bulb shooting and speeds ranging from 1 second to 1/250th or 1/300th of a second (dependent on shutter model). The bells and whistles customary to the era are all here, such as frame counters, rewind knobs, self-timers, and variable apertures.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 7

Our review version is the Contina II, made between 1952 and ’53. It’s especially notable for having a rangefinder focusing mechanism (something the rest of the Continas lack), so if you’re looking for the best Contina this is likely the one to own on account of the raltive ease of focus afforded by the rangefinder, as well as its sophisticated folding. It’s true that other Continas offer light-meters, but for my money a focusing mechanism is more valuable than a light meter.

As if keeping track of all the options available within the range of Continas isn’t demanding enough, there exists within the model itself a choice to be made. The Contina II offers fitment of either an Opton-Tessar 45mm ƒ/2.8 lens, or the Novar 45mm ƒ/3.5 seen on our version. Both lenses are good, with the Tessar having a better reputation for overall quality. Whether or not this reputation is deserved is debatable, but we’ll get deeper into the lenses a bit later.

Aesthetically, the Contina II is a stoic, austere machine. It’s a no-frills, dour camera, though that’s not to say it’s unappealing. When one studies the Contina II, one begins to imagine that the designers were compulsively obsessed with symmetry. Those of us who share a certain penchant for symmetrical machines will appreciate the measured placement of its various knobs, viewfinder and rangefinder windows, and even its fastening rivets.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 1

The chrome plated castings top and bottom are nicely chamfered and finished with an almost satin sheen. The body is bifurcated by a wide band of black grip material which possesses a very fine, almost canvas-like, texture. Even after all these decades it shows its durability. The material covering the film door is stamped with an indicator of the camera’s maker and point of origin; Zeiss Ikon – Made in Germany – Stuttgart.

It’s a well-placed yet subtle reminder that we’re shooting a camera from the cradle of world-class optics, and it’ll give Zeiss fanboys a small thrill to see the world-famous logo every time they raise the camera to their eye.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 6

Functionally the Zeiss is a bit of a paradox. It feels great to use, like a mechanical wristwatch, but it can also be a trying experience, like a mechanical wristwatch that you have to wind every day.

Shooters accustomed to modern machines or even vintage SLRs will suffer a few stumbles out of the gate. Everyone learns at different speeds, but it took this reviewer nearly thirty frames to begin to feel comfortable. In short order it was pretty clear that the Contina is a camera from an era that required photographers to be meticulous and patient. Exhibit these traits and the Contina II will reward you. But I can’t ignore the fact that some photogs will certainly be frustrated to Hell and back by the sluggish approach to photography that the Contina.

For the most irritable photographers, the real sticking point will stem from the rather lengthy process involved in taking a shot with the Contina II. Not sure you can handle the demands of this ancient machine? Read on, and try to imagine you’re holding a Contina. You want to take a shot. Okay, let’s do it.

First, advance the film with the winding knob on the bottom of the camera, then cock the shutter via the tiny lever on the top of the lens. Now spin the ring that sets the shutter speed to your desired setting. Then spin the ring that sets the aperture to your desired setting. Do some quick estimation to determine if the set values will result in a proper exposure (this can be based off of an external light meter or the photographer’s knowledge and experience). Next, look through the tiny rangefinder window on the rear of the camera and spin the focus knob on the top of the camera body until the rangefinder patch aligns with your subject. Lowering the camera from your eye, look to the focus knob that was just turned and observe the distance that the tiny indicator arrow is pointing to. Now transfer that distance value to the focusing ring positioned on the front of the lens, aligning it to the same value as indicated by the focus knob. Compose your shot with the viewfinder window and release the shutter.

Congratulations. You’ve taken a photo.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 9

It’s easy to imagine how one would get a little mixed up and forget their place amongst that tangle of tasks, and the first roll of film will find any shooter clumsily wondering why the shutter hasn’t released, why their shots are coming out blurry, or why the exposures are off. Operation naturally becomes more fluid as experience grows, and while the camera never operates as smoothly as a coupled rangefinder or classic SLR might, for me the glacial pace is never frustrating to the point of exhaustion. Just don’t try to shoot a wedding with this thing.

There’s no denying that the Contina II is slow camera that’s difficult to accurately focus. Even with the rangefinder, you’ll miss a handful of shots in a roll, and shooting any kind of fast-moving subject is strictly out of the question. This is a camera for casual, leisurely shooting. If you’re looking for a camera with which to photograph an F1 race, or even a pot-bellied pig race, this is not your camera.

Luckily there are ways to mitigate the issue. To help ensure your shots will be focused, try zone focusing. Quite happily, Zeiss has included a seriously proficient focus scale complete with inverted numerals for effortless reading. Simply set your aperture, glance down at the lens, and set your focus ring to your subject’s distance. There’s also implementation of the famous “Zeiss Red Dot” guide. Align the arrows on the aperture and focus rings to the red dots and everything from about 8 feet to infinity will be in focus. Just remember to set the shutter speed for the available light and you’re good to go. Easy as zwetschgenkuchen. Which is a pie made in Germany.

Zeiss Ikon Contina Camera Review 4

The only other notable problems with the Contina II are the laughably tiny viewfinder and rangefinder windows. These things are so amazingly small that one could be forgiven for thinking it to be a screw hole from which the screw had fallen out. And I’m not being hyperbolic; just take a look at some of our earlier shots. The inner diameter of the strap lug is larger than the rangefinder window. Hilarious. Except it’s not that funny. You’ve got to really press your eyeball flush to the window, and those of us with glasses will have an even harder time focusing and composing a shot. This, again, brings the camera to the very cusp of excess frustration, but once again it’s not enough to be a total killjoy.

Why are these glaring functionality issues not enough to ruin the Contina II? Well, because it’s a fun camera that makes great images. This is thanks in large part to the exceptional build quality and the ability of the lens to make very nice photos.

As we touched on earlier, my review model uses the Novar 45mm Anastigmat ƒ/3.5. For the uninitiated, an anastigmat lens is a lens that’s completely corrected for optical distortion such as spherical aberration, coma, and astigmatism. These days corrected lenses are pretty common (though no less important), but when the Contina II was released it was a really big deal to have a corrected lens.

Image quality with the Novar is pretty good. Sharpness takes a hit when shooting wide open, and vignetting is pretty noticeable, but stopped down the lens is quite capable from edge to edge. It’s not going to produce the kind of sharpness expected from today’s machines, but we’ve already covered that. This is your grandpappy’s camera, remember? The lens resists flaring very well, which is noteworthy due to the lack of touted coatings. Black and white images come out deep and contrasty. Color rendition is superb.

Scan 6


In short, the Novar is a perfectly acceptable lens that possesses certain indefinable qualities that make it ideal for those who love nostalgia. It’s an old lens attached to an old camera, and it makes images that present as delightfully old. It’s a lens that’s not obsessed with fidelity, and it lends itself well to artistic representations of the captured world.

Scan 2

Scan 5

I’ve not yet tested the Opton-Tessar equipped Contina II, but many experienced users profess that it’s a superior lens to the Novar. I can’t weigh in until I get one in my hands, but if it’s truly superior then I’m already impressed.

Should you rush out and buy yourself a Contina II? Well, that depends. If you’re an impatient shooter who has little interest in the past, then perhaps this is one camera worth skipping. But for shooters who love antique machines, love the history of this hobby, or love Zeiss cameras, the Contina II is certainly a camera worth owning.

It’s a wacky machine from one of the more interesting periods in the German company’s long and storied history. It’s accessible, yet aloof. It’s both foreign and familiar at the same time. It’s affordable, and uses one of the most common and varied film formats around. It fits into a pocket, looks like nothing else out there, and makes very respectable images.

Yes, the arguments for ownership are many, but possibly the best thing about the Zeiss Ikon Contina II is that it’s unique. It’s so unique, in fact, that most people have never shot anything like it before. And that’s a real shame.

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is a writer and photographer, and the founder of Casual Photophile. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic and collectible cameras. In addition to his work here, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio
  • Hannah Davis, I mean, excellent review. If a cell phone, compact camera, or bigger sensor camera has a Zeiss attached to me is enough to feel confidence. For that reason I always wanted one of the Zeiss cameras, a 6×9 medium format would be to me great but in this part of the world 35mm is more accessible. Thanks!

  • Wow! Thanks for a very detailed review! I inherited this camera from my uncle, and while it is beautiful to look at, after my first roll I was convinced it was broken due to near all shots turning out a blurry mess, even after meticulous focusing. This article makes me want to give the camera a second go!

    • Thanks, my friend. You’re lucky to have inherited one! If you try another roll, let us know if we can see the shots anywhere online? Thanks again!

  • Awesome, awesome write up! Three things:

    Zone focusing has its challenges, but it gets a lot easier in time. In addition, rangefinders can fall out of whack in time, and if you trust them too readily, you can get poorly focused images. Once I skipped the tiring step of using the rangefinder on my Super Ikonta and just went with my eyeballed distances, I finally got amazing results, and found the camera easier to use in the process.

    Yes, Tessar glass is definitely more renowned than Novar triplets, and yes, they can produce sharper images if you are looking at your images through a loupe, but Novar lenses can produce comparable images, particularly when stopped down. Besides, for certain contexts, a little less sharpness can be an endearing plus.

    Third, regarding the photo process, most people recommend against cocking the shutter prior to setting the speed, though I’ll admit I’ve done this more times than I am ready to admit! 😉

    You are s-l-o-w-l-y starting to make me want to experiment with 35mm again, but using a very classic body with a waist level finder like a Exacta or Praktica, preferably with a bokeh heavy lens like a Helios or Meyer. Oh, you evil man. 🙂

  • the6millionpman July 2, 2015 at 5:23 pm

    Thoroughly enjoyed reading this, really in depth and informative. Great to read up on a bit of history.

  • Hi James,

    Very nice report on this good-looking part of history. Today I received my own Contina II with Tessar lens and Compur shutter, which goes up to 1/500th! It was sold with leather case, original lens shade and a haze filter. These are also stored in the case, a rather intelligent solution.

    Yes, you have to take time to make one single picture because of all the manual settings that have to be made. Perfect! By the way – have you tried to put the camera on a tripod? Found the place where the thread is … ??

    I think I will put in some film in the next days and look how accurate the shutter still is at higher speeds, the lower speeds are far too slow … 🙁

    Thanks again for your report, it was a pleasure reading it.

    • Hi Arie, glad you’re enjoying your Zeiss! The tripod question is a good one. I can’t recall seeing one. Do you know? Good luck with it and happy shooting. Let us know if we can see the shots anywhere!

      • Hi James,

        yes, you can easiliy put it on a tripod 🙂 Looking at the closed front you will see the button at the top you have to use to open the front. Leave it where it is. On the opposite site of this button, so towards the bottom of the cam you will see another shining round thing, a bit larger. Turn that to the left and you will see the thread for the tripod.

        Now store that shinning little peace of metal in a safe place, because when it’s gone it’s gone … 🙁

        Opening the front will now put the tripod mount to where it should be – on the downside of the camera.


  • I love anything with a Tessar lens and have both the Contessa 35 and an Ikonta 521/16. I love the Supers, but couldn’t afford them. I do have several other 6×7 and 6×9 folders, though, so I’m happy until a Super Ikonta C comes across my path that doesn’t cause cardiac arrest in its passing. LOL!!

  • Thanks for posting this. My dad passed away 20 year ago, and i inherited one of these cameras. I have just kept it in a shelf for 20 years while I used my Minolta SRT101, then Nikon D80, and now Nikon D750. But I wanted to try this vintage camera out, The one I inherited would not advance film, but in a quest to understand it, I just bought a similar model off eBay that is supposed to work fine, and have this exact model.

    One simple question at this point: what film and ISO should I purchase?

    • Hey bud. That’s great to reconnect with your Dad through a camera in that way. You can check out all of our film profiles here : https://casualphotophile.com/category/film-profiles/

      Maybe you’ll find one in there that sounds interesting. We are always posting more, too, so check back. As for ISO, if you’re shooting in daylight, any ISO is fine really. As the light diminishes you’ll want a higher ISO. But that comes with lowered image quality and more grain.

      As in most things, this is highly subjective. Just experiment with it and have fun.

      I hope this has helped!

    • David: I use old cameras like this, Zeiss Ikon Ikonta 520/2 (1931) & Rolleicord IV (1953) and I put Ilford FP4 through them. FP4 is also available in 35mm.

  • Another nice review. I picked up the later cousin of this camera, the Contessa 35, at an estate sale for $50. The Contessa 35 is also a drawbridge folder. The film compartment and bottom are nearly identical to the continuation. But it has an opton coated research lens. I’m not sure if the contina does or not. It also has a combined range finder and inherited the little monicle over the focus. It is a great shooter, if you find one with decently working shutter. I had to mess with mine a bit to get it working. The slow speeds are about a third stop slow, but that’s not terrible. You can find them from $35 to $300 online in totally random conditions.

    Another cool camera with the same lens is the contaflex I and II. The difference between them being the II has a selenium meter. I have handled one or two, and they are compact little tanks, just like the Contessa and contina.

    I’m really looking to get my hands on a super ikonta with a coated tessar, to shoot some medium format.


    • James – Founder/Editor October 5, 2016 at 5:22 pm

      Excellent info. I’ve shot most of the Contaflex cameras and love them. I really need to write. Piece on it, but they always sell before I can manage it.

  • I have been using Zone Focusing and the Hyperfocal Distance method on my travel cameras for some years. I have a pair of Leica MDa bodies and a 35mm F3.5 Summaron lens and the SBLOO 35mm viewfinder plugged into the accessory shoe on top of the camera. Metering is by a Weston Master V.
    In use, when I reach the end of the roll, I exchange lens and viewfinder for the body cap of the second body and carry on clicking. Both bodies have straps. When I pop into a pub or cafe, I rewind and reload the first body. By keeping the lens set to f8 and above, setting the infinity mark (00) to f8 on the depth of field scale on the lens gives me everything in focus from 2.2 meters. The MDa and its predecessor the MD and the final model, the MD2 (black and made in Canada) are devoid of viewfinder and rangefinder. Thus, they are very rugged. Mention has been made of focusing errors caused by a rangefinder being “out of whack”. With my set up, this cannot happen as, to quote Roger Hicks: “what ain’t there can’t go wrong.” I carry my equipment in the Billingham for Leica Combination bag M with a personal size Filofax in the front pocket for notes etc.
    Film is Ilford XP2.

  • Can you describe what I should be seeing through the range finder window?

    I used my father’s Contina in the 1960’s so I know how it works and what I see does not look right.

    The overlay portion of the range finder is right up against the right side of the main view, extends beyond it slightly, and I thought it was supposed to be in the middle. I have to adjust my eye positioning just to see it. It points about 45 degrees to the left so I know it is seriously misaligned.

  • One of the best camera reviews I’ve ever read. Both informative and made me laugh!!!

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is a writer and photographer, and the founder of Casual Photophile. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic and collectible cameras. In addition to his work here, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio