Minolta XE-7 SLR – Camera Review

Minolta XE-7 SLR – Camera Review

1289 1357 James Tocchio

I admire risk-takers in any industry because I feel that visionaries are the ones who urge everyone forward to a better future. The camera industry is no different. When I began shooting photos in college, a professor urged me to try a brand I’d never heard of, Minolta. His recommendation came from the assertion that the brand engaged in an uncommon pursuit of engineering excellence. I gave it a shot, bought my first DSLR (a Minolta Maxxum 5D), and fell in love.

My professor was right. Minolta was one of the more innovative companies making cameras in Japan, less afraid to take risks compared with the popular outfits of Canon and Nikon. So it follows that years later, when I decided to delve into the now novel world of 35mm film, I would remember Minolta’s long-standing reputation for innovation, remarkably well-built cameras, and exceptional glass. Brand loyalty firmly embedded, I struck out to discover the very best camera Minolta had to offer.

Coming from digital, this brave, old world of photography was totally foreign to me, and my first big decision was whether to choose an SLR, or Rangefinder camera. My familiarity with DSLRs weighed heavily in favor of these machines’ analog predecessors, but the retro appeal and trend in adopting rangefinder cameras had me curious. It became quickly apparent that, while rangefinders have it in the style department, finding a high quality, functional example would be incredibly difficult or incredibly expensive. Most are just so old that they lack reliability and features, or so exotic that the price becomes difficult to justify. Placing my interest in rangefinders on the back burner, I instead focused on finding a high quality and fully functional vintage SLR.

I wanted a manual camera with available auto-exposure, depth-of-field preview, multiple exposure ability, and exceptional build quality. This last trait became the most important for me, as I am just a sucker for anything with a high fit-and-finish. I began investigating the mechanical SRT line, but these were a bit too archaic, lacking some of the key features I desired, such as exposure compensation. The more modern and automatic XG series was interesting, but once held in the hand it lacked the solidity in build quality that I sought. The more electronic models, such as the X700, were interesting and retro in their own way (think 1980’s), but they didn’t invoke that feeling of mechanicalness that I was looking for. It took some time, but eventually I was introduced to the XE-7, and the search was over.

The XE-7 was produced by Minolta starting in 1974, and featured some of the most advanced camera technology of the era. This manual focus camera was produced in cooperation with Leica during a period of shared patents, technology, and product development. This cooperation is seemingly evident in all aspects of the camera, the most outwardly noticeable being in the aesthetic design of the machine. The XE-7 looks strikingly German. There is a pure mechanical quality about it that is very compelling. The no-nonsense design puts everything you need exactly where you need it, and discards anything superfluous or unnecessary. It is stark, strong, and purposeful.

Minolta XE-7 Body

When finished admiring its looks, the next thing one will discover when picking up an XE-7 is the sheer heft of the camera. With a body weighing in at 775g, this thing is a tank, and the build quality is of a standard unfound on any other Japanese camera I’ve experienced. Some will surely take issue with this machine’s weight, but for me, the solid weightiness feels great in the hand; not too large and not too small, the XE-7 just feels right. Vintage, Japanese cameras tend to value compactness, so perhaps what we see in the XE-7 is the German influence. In any case, I find smaller SLRs can be fidgety when shooting one-handed. Operating the controls of a tiny SLR with Western sausage-fingers is no fun. Because of its larger size, the XE-7 lends itself well to these kind of acrobatics due in part to it being so holdable.

Of course two-handed operation is perfectly balanced, with ample space even for those with large mittens. Simple and intuitive, all of the camera’s controls are intelligently placed exactly where you’d expect them to be. Operation of this camera is second-nature, and within minutes of loading my first roll of film I could’ve used it blindfolded. Dials, levers, and switches all click into place with satisfying stiffness and a feeling of real durability. Additionally, the ability to adjust all of these well-placed controls without removing your eye from the finder shows the thoughtfulness of Minolta’s designers, and marks this camera as one of Minolta’s best machines for people who are serious about photography.

Minolta XE-7 Viewfinder

The viewfinder is excellent for a camera of this era. Extremely bright and full-featured, it allows the photographer awareness of all pertinent settings without taking his or her eye from the finder. The selected F number of lens aperture is displayed in an ingenious window at the top of the frame, sitting next to a second window which displays the selected shutter speed. Shutter speed scale is shown on the far right along with an indicator needle which rises and falls in correlation with available light. The center of the finder includes a split image rangefinder for excellent ease of focusing, and an additional microprism focusing spot. In extremely low light situations the viewfinder suffers, with the exposure needle and aperture windows becoming harder to read, but this is typical of nearly all vintage SLRs.

The top of the camera features a locking selector for shutter speed, film-advance lever, shutter-release button with threaded cable release, multiple exposure lever, locking ASA/ISO selector, locking exposure compensation dial (+/-1,2), and film rewind lever / film compartment release. The back features a dedicated On/Off switch, safe load signal window, frame counter, and an eyepiece shutter lever for taking photos when your eye isn’t held to the finder. On the front of the camera is found the self-timer lever with two increments, lens release button, flash sync terminal and sync selector switch. The bottom of the camera features the usual battery compartment, tripod socket, and rewind release button. An additional feature is found on the side of the body, and this is a battery check lever which lights when the camera is receiving proper voltage.

The XE-7 benefitted further from the deal between Minolta and the Germans through the inclusion of a Leitz-Copal vertically traveling, electronic, metal-bladed shutter. This mechanism is faster and more reliable than competitors’ shutters, and capable of exposures between 1/1000 of a second to four seconds, including Bulb mode. When switched to Auto mode the camera operates under aperture-priority and varies the shutter speed steplessly, while Manual mode makes for a selectable shutter speed in whole stop increments. This shutter is more reliable than the cloth plane shutters commonly found in most Japanese SLRs, and it has an exceptionally quick lag speed of 38ms, which is among the very best of any manufacturer.

Minolta XE-7 Shutter

The exposure system of the XE-7 is also among the best of its time, using two overlapping CdS cells mounted on the pentaprism to take separate readings. The reading of each cell affects the value of the other to automatically yield optimum exposure in every situation. Minolta was the first camera maker to employ this method of metering, a technology subsequently adopted by virtually every manufacturer in some form or another. Meter readings are taken at wide-open aperture, which means that the viewfinder remains at its maximum brightness regardless of the lens’ aperture setting. This makes composing your shot and focusing incredibly easy, with the lens only stopping down at the moment of shutter release.

Lenses are plentiful, as the XE-7 uses Minolta’s ubiquitous SR bayonet mount, meaning all vintage MC / MD lenses will mount directly. These interchangeable lenses are some of the best lenses by any manufacturer, both vintage and modern. Optically the lenses are wonderful, with most examples producing fantastic crispness across the entire frame, excellent contrast, and superb bokeh. Add to this the full metal construction of most MC/MD Rokkor lenses, perfectly weighted and smooth focusing rings, and a minimal instance of oily aperture blades, and its easy to understand why those who “know” typically covet this old glass. Minolta produced over 35 models ranging from 7.5mm circular fisheye to the extreme telephoto 1600mm, the longest focal length ever made available for purchase by any of the major manufacturers.

A less tangible but no less impactful benefit of buying Minolta is the relative lack of brand awareness. In 2006 Sony purchased the Minolta camera-making operation, and subsequently the name has faded from the public eye. While still incredibly popular and respected in the photographic community, this lack of brand awareness in the mainstream has created a heavily biased buyer’s market for vintage Minolta cameras and gear. Surprisingly, one can find the XE-7 for under $100 on popular shopping sites, and incredible lenses can be purchased for under $75. The availability and price of Minolta’s fast primes, for example, is just unbelievable. Recently I purchased an MD Rokkor-X 50mm ƒ/1.4, an incredible lens, for $50. Compare this to more popular brands like Canon and Nikon, or to any modern 50mm ƒ/1.4, and the value is instantly recognized.

Minolta XE-7 Rokkor 50mm 1.4

It should be mentioned that this ignorance will not last, and even now it seems Minolta’s popularity is climbing. While certainly not a scientific method of data collection, I’ve anecdotally noticed an increasing frequency of Minolta gear and hashtags splashed across photo sites, Facebook, and Instagram. People are starting to remember film and remember the Minolta name, and soon they’ll likely recognize the XE-7 as one of the brand’s best.

Beyond the value, the good looks, and the impressive glass pairings, this machine’s biggest selling point is the simple fact that it was made for people who are deeply interested in photography. It’s one of the most full-featured cameras of its era, and even in the modern age, the XE-7 is a camera that will deliver everything a photographer asks of it. There’s very little this machine can’t do. If you’re looking for a vintage SLR with massive functionality, impressive build quality, and stunning retro looks, the XE-7 is the camera for you.

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is a writer and photographer, and the founder of Casual Photophile. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic and collectible cameras. In addition to his work here, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio
  • Minolta are awesome.

  • My dad has one of these. First film camera I used. 🙂

  • The 5D was my first ever DSLR! You’re right. I should find one and reunite!

  • Hi! I recently purchased my Minolta XE-7. I have used point and shoot film cameras before. This is my first SLR camera and I’m really confused.

    I tried using “auto” first and whenever I click the shutter, the viewfinder closes and it’s already black even after I advance the lever. I don’t know what else to do. Even if I change it to 125 or 200, same thing happens. But this doesn’t happen when I use “X” or “B”. Please help me. Thank you!

  • James is right, Denise. I bought one of these last year and had the same problem. It just needed a fresh battery.

    • I love the site. I am a film camera collector and have treasured the insights of the reviews I have read. This lead me to try and buy an XE 7. Four times.😀. From my own experience and from what I can tell from searching the web, the mirror drop problem is fairly common. Even with new batteries I can only get the mirror to drop at B on the last two cameras. Shutter fires, but the mirror doesn’t drop. Any thoughts about how to solve this would be appreciated…

  • they certainly are tanks, at montreal gp 2001, we were sitting in a pub and mine was on table (200mm attached), and errant server caught the strap and pulled off the table.
    it landed, broke a floor tile and was fine (lens too). incredible.

  • Very nice review. Minolta was not the first manufacturer to feature full open aperture metering, was it?

  • How does one edit comments on this site, or can comments not be edited?

  • The capacitors in Minolta’s electronic bodies eventually go bad and their shutters suffer from shutter bounce. I highly recommend supplementing any X-series body with an all-mechanical, built-tank-tough SRT body as backup. You’ll be glad you did.

  • I`ve discovered your page a few moths ago when I started my quest for a new camera. I was thrilled because I could find so much information about so many different cameras in one place. It has helped me a lot and I really love the way reviews are written. Finally I found my camera – Minolta XE 1, and I am very excited about it (should be getting it in few days). This review has helped me a lot of course. As a film lover this page makes me very happy so keep up the great work :))

  • My first camera, back in 1983 was a then new Minolta X-700. It was Photokina camera of the year, so that’s what I bought. I’ve since owned several SRTs, XGs, and in the early 90s I bought an XE7 at a pawn shop. The battery check lever was broken, so it drained batteries like crazy. Instead of getting it fixed (don’t ask) I traded it for a lens or two. Since coming back to film about 5 years ago, I’ve bought tons of fixed lens rangefinders, Nikon SLRs, Olympus SLRs, and last year I also picked up another XE7 from ShopGoodwill.com for under $50. It’s got some serious brassing along the edges, but no dent’s or scratches. The ASA/ISO dial turned out to be jammed, so I sent it off for a proper CLA. I’ve only shot one roll of film through it since it’s return, but I really need to get it out again soon. It really is a special piece of design and engineering. Best shutter wind action I’ve EVER used. I’ve got a full closet full of pristine Rocker prime glass between 28 to 200mm, as well as several Tamron Adapt-All lenses with mounts for various manufacturers.

  • Based on your review, I bought my own XE-7. Love it. Wrote about it here: http://www.fogdog-photography.com/fogdog-blog/2017/11/7/ahhthe-sweet-sweet-70s

  • I can see many similarities with the Leica R3: viewfinder display, levers and windows around eyepiece etc. Thank you to Jim S for clarification on the electronics failures. I had read that buying a 1970s electronic camera was dicey due to old components biting the dust. I was on the point of buying a Leica R3 as I had picked up 35mm and a 135mm lenses. Instead I bought a Leicaflex SL in pristine condition with a dud lightmeter for £65 from Peter Loy in London. Looks like a battery has corroded the small metal strip that collects negative polarity in the chamber. I think someone has tried to clean it and it has snapped off.
    I love the SL. I teamed it with a Weston Master V and Invercone attachment for incident readings. Slow? Yes, but enjoyable. And I don’t have to worry about battery failure or electronics going bad.

  • Where can I find a macro lens that will fit on XE-7?

  • I believe Topcon had the first wide-open metering.

  • The XE-7 is a wonderful camera, the alter ego of a Leica R3, but it hardly comes from an obscure manufacturer. The comment of the SRT series not being to your liking because it provides no exposure compensation underscores the lack of understanding that in a non-auto exposure camera there is no point to exposure compensation. And while the XE-7 is well built, that’s hardly unique in the era it was from. Witness the Canon F1 and the Nikon F2, which are as robust as any cameras ever built. I also think the broad statement that the shutter in the XE-7 is more reliable than cloth shutters is something many would take issue with. None of this takes away from the XE-7, but even the XE-7 was not Minolta’s top camera at the time. You would have to look at the XK for that, which while a very solid camera, it was too little too late to make an inroad into the pro market. Plus the idea of not being able to add a motor drive to the XK was a notably bad design choice.

  • I got that camera in 1977 and it still works today. Took it on a 3000 mile bike tour through England and Ireland. Just loved Kodachrome 64 in the camera

  • James, after reading your review I was keeping my eye out for XE-7. I tend to be fairly frugal and could not find one in Ontario in a price I could deal with. They all had a start price of 200.00. I found a XE-1 yesterday with a ‘stuck’ shutter. I did some research and went to look at it. The owner had put fresh batteries in and still could not get to fire. I bought it for 25 dollars with a 50/1.4 mounted on it. Thirty minutes at home and it is working fine. Thank You for your reviews.

  • Thank you for this article, I find it rewarding when others discover the beauty and simplicity in ingenous design. I bought my XE7 as a high school photojournalism student on the year of introduction, 1974, along with it a Rokkor 50mm 1.4 PG. I still own this fine machine and it performs flawlessly. While many refer to it’s alleged German look, the XE7 body is near identical to an SRT 102 save for the plastic covered pentaprism. The XE7 is Minolta DNA through and through. Leitz(Leica) was falling on hard times, nearing bankruptcy, and so looked toward Minolta for help in new camera design and production. The R3, which was based on the XE7, was produced two years after the introduction of the Minolta XE series. The Leica Cl being a Minolta, a designed and manufactured body for Leica. So, while I appreciate your wonderful review of the XE7, I must say it was more the bother way ’round, Minolta’s influence is seen in the Leicas.

  • I love my XE, my first camera was a SR T101 then I acquired my XE but for a manual focus camera I prefer the XD. I also have a plastic fantastic X570 which is technically better but can’t compare with the sheer mechanical excellence of the XE and XD.

  • these camaras look so cool… although I do not have that kind of money lol

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James Tocchio

James Tocchio is a writer and photographer, and the founder of Casual Photophile. He’s spent years researching, collecting, and shooting classic and collectible cameras. In addition to his work here, he’s also the founder of the online camera shop Fstopcameras.com.

All stories by:James Tocchio